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Umbilicoplasty (Naval Reshaping)

Burns(Skin Burns)

Burns are injuries caused to the skin and underlying tissue. The skin is the largest organ in our body and it regulates the body's temperature. It may also prevent the evaporation of bodily fluids and acts as a barrier against infection.

Skin damage resulting from burns may be minor or can present a life-threatening emergency, depending on the heat's intensity, the total area of tissues burned, and the length of exposure to the skin.


There are three primary types of burns:

  • First-degree burns: red, nonblistered skin
  • Second-degree burns: Involve damage to the second layer of skin, known the dermis. Blisters and some thickening of the skin
  • Third-degree burns: Involve damage to the epidermis, the dermis, and hypodermis, the third layer of skin. Widespread thickness with a white, leathery appearance.
  • Fourth-degree burns: This type of burn has all of the symptoms of a third-degree burn and also extends beyond the skin into tendons and bones.

Frequently Asked Questions

A diagnosis is normally formed based on burn depth. However, the severity may also be influenced by the extent of damage to the body.

The extent of a burn is actually based on the "rule of nines" - each arm is considered 9% of the body surface area, each leg is 18%, the back and front of the torso are together considered to be 18%, the head and neck are 9%, and the genital region is 1% of the surface area. Using these classifications, a physician will make a clear diagnosis.

    The best way to fight burns is to stop them from happening. Certain jobs put you at a greater risk for burns, but the fact is that most of the burns happen at home. Infants and young kids are the most vulnerable to burns. Preventive measures you can take at home include:

    • Should keep young kids out of the kitchen whilecooking.
    • Place a fire extinguisher near the kitchen.
    • Keep water heater temperature below 120 degrees Fahrenheit.
    • Check bath water temperature before use.
    • Lock up matches and lighters safely.
    • Install electrical outlet covers.
    • Check and discard electrical cords which have exposed wires.
    • Keep chemicals out of reach, and wear gloves during chemical its use.
    • Wear sunscreen daily, and avoid peak sunlight.
    • Be sure all smoking products are stubbed out completely.
    • Clean out dryer lint traps regularly.

If quickly treated, the outlook for first- and second-degree burns is good. These burns rarely scar but will result in a change in pigment of the skin that was burned. The key is to reduce further damage and infection

Extensive damage from severe second-degree and third-degree burns will lead to problems in deep skin tissues, bones, and organs. Patients may require:

  • surgery
  • physical therapy
  • rehabilitation
  • lifelong assisted care

By icing the burn wound it will ease the initial pain. But it slows down the healing process.Moreover, in some cases, icing a burn wound can cause frostbite to an already damaged and sensitive skin area. It is always better to run the burn wound under running cool water and cover the area with clean gauze without ointment.

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